Every country has a structure that is termed as a nationwide venture of architecture. For example, in England, there is the Cottage; in Japan, the Pagodas, and in the US, the Suburb. As the 20th-century advanced, architects ventured less in the National Artistic buildings and more on global community aesthetic. The architects rejected the 19th-century designs and ventured on the architecture of pure forms termed as the International Style. The international style concentrated on forms of rectilinear, differentiated in section planes of concrete, glass, and steel which arose due to the technological advancement of construction resources, so that buildings are not concealed behind the plaster. If you are looking for a quality research on this topic, check this essay writing service.
International style architecture originated from West Europe after the dismissal of the 19th and early 20th-century National Artistic buildings. Architects from France and Germany started designing architectural styles that were less expensive, more economical, and reflected modern life. In 1920, Walter Gropius from Germany designed the interior spaces, J.J.P Oud from the Netherlands designed arithmetical shapes, and Le Corbusier from France designed essentials of stair, ramp, column, and windows. The International style rose in the United States after Gropius moved to the US, while Philip Johnson and Richard Neutra expounded the American approach centering on steel and glass.
Travel Spots of International Style
Villa Savoye is a symbol of modern architect situated in Poissy, outer parts of Paris in France. The Villa was built between 1928 and 1931 using reinforced cement invented by Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret, his cousin. Initially, the Villa was constructed as a hideout for the Savoye family. but was bought by a neighboring school. Later on, the Villa became the property of the state after numerous destruction ideas. In 1965, Villa Savoye became a Historic French Memorial and underwent reconstruction from 1985-1997 by the Centre des monuments gateaux and is currently open to tourists.
Figure 1: Villa Savoye, Le Corbusier
It was a school of arts in Germany between 1919 and 1933. The building was designed by Walter Gropius. It was an extension improvement of Gropius knowledge during the erection of the Fagus Factory in Ahlfeld van der Lein. Bauhaus was demolished during warfare and reconstructed in 1972. Additional reconstruction sustained after an award by world UNESCO Heritage, which ended in 2006. Bauhaus then became the center for Research and Investigational Design. In 1994, Bauhaus foundation became dedicated to conserving research and transferring design of Bauhaus Heritage.
Figure 2: The Bauhaus, Walter Gropius
Figure 3: The Fagus Factory, initial idea of Walter Gropius before extending the idea to build the Bauhaus
McGraw Hill Building
The building is situated in Hell’s Kitchen in Manhattan, New York. McGraw Hill building was designed by Raymond Hood and its construction ended in 1931. It became the succeeding building named after McGraw Hill in New York. It replaced the original McGraw building. It is 148 meters high with blue and green walls. In 1932, the building was exhibited at the Museum of Modern Arts and is currently documented as a Landmark of Art Deco design. McGraw Hill was the tallest in Hell’s Kitchen before Worldwide Plaza was constructed. In 1989, the structure became a remarkable National Landmark.
Figure 4: McGraw Hill Building, Raymond Hood, New York